Medical malpractice can occur in a variety of situations, but injuries related to childbirth and delivery are particularly devastating to families. Brachial Plexus injuries are one of the most common types of Texas birth injuries. Approximately one or two of every 1000 babies will suffer this type of injury. In many cases, this injury is preventable and occurs as a result of a healthcare provider’s negligence. In these cases, the doctor, nurse, or other healthcare professional may be held liable for their negligence.
The brachial plexus is a bundle of nerves near the shoulder, arm, and hand that attach to the spinal cord. When these nerves experience stretching, the individual may suffer burning, shock-like pain, numbness, or weakness. In some cases, the pain does not last for an extended period and can resolve with therapy or over time. However, severe brachial plexus injuries are associated with the inability to use specific muscles in the elbows, shoulders, and toes.
There are four main types of brachial plexus injuries which include, neurapraxia, neuroma injuries, rupture injuries, and avulsion injuries. Brachial plexus diagnosis can be complicated because the symptoms may overlap. Although these injuries can occur at any time, they most commonly occur during birth. Babies’ shoulders can get stuck and stretched behind the pubic bone, and the subsequent strain often results in stretching and tearing.